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Democracy and Elections$
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Richard S. Katz

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780195044294

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195044294.001.0001

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Districting: Apportionment and Gerrymanders

Districting: Apportionment and Gerrymanders

Chapter:
(p.173) 11 Districting: Apportionment and Gerrymanders
Source:
Democracy and Elections
Author(s):

Richard S. Katz (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195044294.003.0011

This chapter examines the impact of an electoral system on political apportionment and gerrymanders. The findings reveal that single-member districts may be the optimal method of representing communities because minority representation is easily accommodated. However, this approach raises problems in defining the communities to be represented and identifying the members of any nongeographic communities. This chapter concludes that the artificial creation of minority constituencies through affirmative gerrymandering is illegitimate.

Keywords:   electoral system, apportionment, gerrymandering, single-member district, minorities

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