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Germans on WelfareFrom Weimar to Hitler$
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David F. Crew

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780195053111

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195053111.001.0001

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Weimar Women on Welfare

Weimar Women on Welfare

(p.116) Chapter Six Weimar Women on Welfare
Germans on Welfare

David F. Crew

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the Weimar women on welfare as they were the majority clients of the Weimar welfare system. A variety of causes brought them to the welfare authorities: economic need (disadvantaged position in the labor market, unequal power, and legal status) and non-economic need (divorce, abandonment, and death of a husband). The largest group of women that were touched by the Weimar welfare system were the pregnant and nursing mothers. There were pre- and postnatal health care programs, and home visits and nursing money for those who were breastfeeding their babies. The child was the primary focus of the welfare state's commitment to the protection of motherhood. When it came to illegitimate children, Weimar youth offices did not encourage the mothers to keep the babies. Illegitimate and other children placed in foster care were kept under Youth Office surveillance until they reached maturity.

Keywords:   Weimar women, Weimar welfare system, economic need, non-economic need, Youth Office surveillance, illegitimate children

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