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Germans on WelfareFrom Weimar to Hitler$
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David F. Crew

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780195053111

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195053111.001.0001

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The State as Parent? Youth Welfare and German Families

The State as Parent? Youth Welfare and German Families

(p.137) Chapter Seven The State as Parent? Youth Welfare and German Families
Germans on Welfare

David F. Crew

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the children, young people, and families in Germany. There were two types of educative function that was repeatedly invoked by the Weimar youth welfare offices. The first one was correctional education. This was prescribed as part of a therapeutic measure. Correctional education drastically abridged parental, especially patriarchal, rights. Parents no longer determined how their children would be raised or what education they would receive. Parents lost the earnings that sons or daughters would otherwise have contributed to the family income. The second educative function was protective surveillance where the children received school health care. School health programs combined social with medical surveillance. The Weimar Republic enforced the 1903 Child Labor Law. It stood by this principle: work damaged children's health and interfered with their proper education. Two case histories are presented in this chapter to show how youth welfare work was ideally meant to function.

Keywords:   educative function, youth welfare offices, correctional education, protective surveillance, medical surveillance, Child Labor Law

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