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Germans on WelfareFrom Weimar to Hitler$
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David F. Crew

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780195053111

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195053111.001.0001

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The Weimar Welfare State's Last Crisis, 1929–1933

The Weimar Welfare State's Last Crisis, 1929–1933

(p.152) Chapter Eight The Weimar Welfare State's Last Crisis, 1929–1933
Germans on Welfare

David F. Crew

Oxford University Press

This chapter shows concern for hunger, homelessness, and unemployment that were experienced by a variety of different types of welfare clients. The massive increase in the numbers of the city's welfare clients caused an influx of welfare. The Brüning regime was determined to make the municipalities absorb more of the costs of supporting the unemployed. The Reich government provided a financial contribution to the municipalities for their massively increased welfare expenses for the welfare unemployed. The national government during the Depression forced local authorities to reduce the standard rates of support. The physical conditions in many welfare offices made the time spent there extremely unpleasant for both clients and welfare officials. Applicants became more aggressive and the police could not hold people involved in incidents longer. Violence temporarily dissolved the physical and symbolic distance that normally separated and protected welfare officials from their clients.

Keywords:   welfare clients, Brüning regime, Reich government, Depression, violence

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