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BioelectromagnetismPrinciples and Applications of Bioelectric and Biomagnetic Fields$
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Jaakko Malmivuo and Robert Plonsey

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780195058239

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195058239.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 October 2021

The Electric Signals Originating in the Eye

The Electric Signals Originating in the Eye

(p.437) Chapter 28 The Electric Signals Originating in the Eye

Jaakko Malmivuo

Oxford University Press

This chapter contains some details concerning the electro-oculogram (EOG) as it relates to eye movement, including nystagmus. The collective behavior of the entire retina is a bioelectric generator, which sets up a field in the surrounding volume conductor. This potential field is normally measured between an electrode on the cornea (contact-lens type) and a reference electrode on the forehead. The recorded signal is known as the electroretinogram (ERG). It may be examined both for basic science studies and for clinical diagnostic purposes. The electroretinogram is discussed in this chapter in connection with the electrooculogram to follow the anatomical division of bioelectromagnetism. It is, of course, more practical to discuss all electric signals originating in the eye after the anatomy and physiology of this organ are presented.

Keywords:   electric signals, electro-oculogram, eye movement, nystagmus, retina, electroretinogram

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