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Science & Reason$
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Henry E. Kyburg

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780195062533

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195062533.001.0001

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(p.58) 4 Induction
Science & Reason

Jr. Henry E. Kyburg

Oxford University Press

Induction is the inference from a sample to a population, regardless of the possible existence of exceptions. Induction is used in the practice of science and engineering based on knowledge that can be accepted as evidence. There are two bodies of knowledge: evidential corpus, a set of propositions acceptable as evidence in a certain context; and practical corpus, a set of propositions counting as “practically certain” in that context. There are five kinds of induction described: statistical, universal, nomic, theoretical, and instantial.

Keywords:   induction, statistical inference, statistical induction, universal induction, nomic induction, theoretical induction, instantial induction

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