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The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System$
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Alain Berthoz, Werner Graf, and P. P. Vidal

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780195068207

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.001.0001

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Why Develop a Neck?

Why Develop a Neck?

(p.17) Chapter 2 Why Develop a Neck?
The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Carl Gans

Oxford University Press

The Random House Dictionary defines the word “neck” as “the part of the body of an animal or man that connects the head and the trunk.” Therefore, in classical terms, the neck would only be expected to happen in animals that have heads different from their trunks. Heads are expected to serve the organism in roles such as ingestion, mating, sensation, and defense. Trunks are expected to have roles in visceral function such as reproduction, digestion, circulation, and respiration. Other significant roles of trunks are transport, maintenance of posture, as well as attachment.

Keywords:   neck, heads, trunks, ingestion, sensation, visceral function, digestion, respiration

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