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The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System$
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Alain Berthoz, Werner Graf, and P. P. Vidal

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780195068207

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.001.0001

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From Interdepedent to Independent Control of Head and Trunk

From Interdepedent to Independent Control of Head and Trunk

(p.369) Chapter 56 From Interdepedent to Independent Control of Head and Trunk
The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Horst Mittelstaedt

Marie-Luise Mittelstaedt

Oxford University Press

When the sense organs that inform an animal through light, sound, or gravity about its orientation in space are located in the head, and the motor apparatus that controls that orientation is in the trunk, then the control system must somehow account for the position of the head relative to the trunk. If the trunk may be oriented independently of head position, the sensory information must undergo a coordinate transformation, rotatory or translatory or both depending on the respective anatomic and informational degrees of freedom of the neck. These problems are best seen against the background of the evolutionary history of intersegmental relations in many-segmented creatures.

Keywords:   light, sound, gravity, orientation, head, trunk, neck

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