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Culture, Self-Identity, and Work$
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Miriam Erez and P. Christopher Earley

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780195075809

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075809.001.0001

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Individualism and Collectivism

Individualism and Collectivism

(p.74) 4 Individualism and Collectivism
Culture, Self-Identity, and Work

Miriam Erez

Oxford University Press

Debates revolving on individualism and collectivism comprise the main concern of this section. Individualism asserts independence in decision making and goal setting without considering the opinions, capabilities, and welfare of others, even those who are part of the same community; while collectivism states that groups are the primary units and determinants of the undertakings of societies. Such topics have motivated scholars to explore their dimensions and implications because interpersonal relationships – whether inside or outside the work setting – are essential in the determination and understanding of organisational behaviour. Determination of whether a group of people operate under the notions of either individualism or collectivism affects the work relationships, especially the extent of coordination and cooperation, which contribute to the employees' performance and tenure.

Keywords:   individualism, collectivism, interpersonal relationships, work, organisational behaviour, society

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