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Only the Ball Was WhiteA History of Legendary Black Players and All-Black Professional Teams$
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Robert Peterson

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780195076370

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195076370.001.0001

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Giants in Those Days

Giants in Those Days

(p.53) 5 Giants in Those Days
Only the Ball Was White

Robert Peterson

Oxford University Press

Social inequality was the general consensus of the nation during the last decade of the 19th century. Organized baseball was no different, and segregation seems to be the way that things are going. The chapter also tells about John J. McGraw and his vision of negroes playing alongside whites. One controversial move was when he introduced Charlie Grant as a Cherokee named “Tokohama” to hide his race but the disguise was soon blown. This chapter also names the five black professional teams of that time: The Genuine Cuban Giants; the Cuban X Giants of New York; the Red Stockings of Norfolk, Virginia; the Chicago Unions; and the Columbia Giants of Chicago. Up to the early 1900s, Negro baseball experienced a great expansion and was no longer treated as novelties like they were in the 1890s.

Keywords:   social inequality, Organized baseball, John J. McGraw, Tokohama, The Genuine Cuban Giants, Cuban X Giants, Red Stockings, Chicago Unions, Columbia Giants

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