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Making a Place for OurselvesThe Black Hospital Movement, 1920–1945$
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Vanessa Northington Gamble

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780195078893

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195078893.001.0001

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Roots of the Black Hospital Reform Movement

Roots of the Black Hospital Reform Movement

(p.3) One Roots of the Black Hospital Reform Movement
Making a Place for Ourselves

Vanessa Northington Gamble

Oxford University Press

The origins of black hospitals and the roots of the hospital reform movement are discussed in this chapter. The analysis of the evolution of black hospitals traces back to early-19th-century American hospitals wherein the institution was peripheral to the provision of medical care, medical education and medical research, and in the professional development of the average practitioner. The chapter also presents how African Americans were racially discriminated against and were either denied admission or accommodated and placed in undesirable locations. Freedmen's Bureau hospitals and their unsuccessful attempts to provide adequate medical care are illustrated. Confronted with racism in American medicine, this led black people to establish their own institutions. Several black-controlled hospitals and the controversies and challenges they underwent are also explored.

Keywords:   black hospitals, hospital reform movement, American hospitals, medical education, African Americans, Freedmen's Bureau hospitals, racism

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