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Making a Place for OurselvesThe Black Hospital Movement, 1920–1945$
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Vanessa Northington Gamble

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780195078893

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195078893.001.0001

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Black Hospitals and White Philanthropy

Black Hospitals and White Philanthropy

(p.105) Four Black Hospitals and White Philanthropy
Making a Place for Ourselves

Vanessa Northington Gamble

Oxford University Press

Raising funds was one of the difficulties faced by hospital reformers in their aim to support black hospitals. Given the lack of financial capabilities of the patients and the increasing expense of operating these hospitals, black reformers recognized that no movement for the improvement of black hospitals could succeed without the white's cooperation and financial assistance. This chapter studies the activities of three white philanthropic foundations—the Duke Endowment, the Julius Rosenwald Fund, and the General Education Board—with regard to black hospital reform. In particular, this chapter illustrates how the Rosenwald Fund maintained a broad-based black health program that supported programs in professional education, public health, outpatient services, and hospital care; the Duke Endowment's substantial financing for the operation and construction of black hospitals in North and South Carolina; and the General Education Board's (GEB) donation of funds for educational programs at selected hospitals.

Keywords:   Duke Endowment, Julius Rosenwald Fund, General Education Board, black health program, South Carolina, North Carolina, educational programs, black reformers, white philanthropic foundations

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