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Making a Place for OurselvesThe Black Hospital Movement, 1920–1945$
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Vanessa Northington Gamble

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780195078893

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195078893.001.0001

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Cleveland—A Black Hospital at Last

Cleveland—A Black Hospital at Last

(p.151) Six Cleveland—A Black Hospital at Last
Making a Place for Ourselves

Vanessa Northington Gamble

Oxford University Press

Fifty-six years after Provident Hospital led the way in the black hospital movement, on August 4, 1957, Cleveland's first black hospital, the Forest City Hospital, opened its doors. This chapter analyzes several attempts made to establish a black hospital in Cleveland. It begins its discussion with the initiated campaign for the hospital in 1915 by Dr. Ellis A. Dale, a 1900 graduate of Cleveland Homeopathic Medical College, who proposed the construction of a hospital, under the control and management of black people. This however was unsuccessful due to financial difficulties. The chapter also looks at several other black physicians' campaign for the establishment of a black hospital. Also, the chapter illustrates how the opening of the city's municipal hospital to black physicians and nurses facilitated the success of the movement.

Keywords:   Forest City Hospital, black hospital, Cleveland, Dr. Ellis A. Dale, Cleveland Homeopathic Medical College, Jim Crowism, black physicians

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