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The AxonStructure, Function and Pathophysiology$
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Stephen G. Waxman, Jeffery D. Kocsis, and Peter K. Stys

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780195082937

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.001.0001

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Clinical aspects of traumatic injury to central nervous system axons

Clinical aspects of traumatic injury to central nervous system axons

(p.669) 34 Clinical aspects of traumatic injury to central nervous system axons
The Axon


Oxford University Press

This chapter begins by describing the features of segmental reflex activities in patients with chronic and clinically complete spinal cord injury. It then presents evidence that some of those features result from residual descending brain influence. Evidence is offered that such residual central nervous system (CNS) axons can mediate volitionally induced generalized and localized facilitation and suppression of motor units in clinically paralyzed muscles. Finally, the chapter discusses clinical and neurophysiological observations about the late recovery of CNS axonal function.

Keywords:   spinal cord injury, central nervous system, axons, brain influence, CNS axonal function

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