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Jazz Changes$
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Martin Williams

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780195083491

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083491.001.0001

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Buddy Bolden's Legend

Buddy Bolden's Legend

(p.171) Buddy Bolden's Legend
Jazz Changes

Williams Martin

Oxford University Press

Charles “Buddy” Bolden was born around 1878 and died in 1931, but the last twenty-four years of his life were passed in the Louisiana State Hospital in Angola. There is at least one existing photo of Buddy Bolden's Band. There are six instruments: a guitar, string bass, two clarinets, Willie Cornish's valve trombone, and Bolden's cornet. There is no drum, no banjo, and no tuba. This arguably was the first jazz band. But Morton did not call Bolden the first jazz musician; instead he played “ragtime.”

Keywords:   Charles Bolden, Buddy, Angola, first jazz band, tuba, banjo

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