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Hard BopJazz and Black Music, 1955–1965$
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David H. Rosenthal

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780195085563

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195085563.001.0001

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(p.3) Introduction
Hard Bop

David H. Rosenthal

Oxford University Press

Hard Bop begins with the “badness” of jazzmen, both in music and their personalities, as illustrated through jazz trumpeteer Lee Morgan, bad because of his “dirty” solos and complicated loves, culminating in death by the hand of a woman. During Lee Morgan's time, jazz was flourishing: clubs everywhere, with owners and managers encouraging unknown talents to come to the clubs to play (regardless of them being too young to be in drinking places). However, these favorable circumstances did not remain consistent throughout Morgan's career. He struck a hit in 1946 with “The Sidewinder”—a success that he was unable to replicate; in fact, within a few years after “The Sidewinder,” jazz lost most of its popularity. By 1970, the scene was fast fading and those who didn't have as much success as Morgan early on were unable to make a living out of jazz. Since then, the decade spanning 1960 to 1970 remains unparalleled as the time that produced the best and the most records.

Keywords:   jazz, 1960s, hard bop, Lee Morgan, jazzmen, dirty solos, jazz early years

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