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Hard BopJazz and Black Music, 1955–1965$
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David H. Rosenthal

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780195085563

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195085563.001.0001

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Hard Bop Begins

Hard Bop Begins

(p.25) 2 Hard Bop Begins
Hard Bop

David H. Rosenthal

Oxford University Press

According to jazz pianist Andrew Hill, in the 1950s, you couldn't go anywhere without hearing music. It wasn't a time of ghetto blasters, but a time when people played instruments and appreciated variety. People were so into music. By this time, bebop, which started out as an unrestrained form of emotional expression, had become codified and was in decline. Slowly, a more flexible and expressive style surfaced from trumpeteers. Throughout the years, they gained a following, because of the music's simplicity, openness, and blues-and-gospel influences. By the mid-fifties, hard bop had emerged. It was nourished by bands of musicians who backed each other up. While it was accused of being a simplified version of bebop, it helped jazz regain some acceptance in the black neighborhoods.

Keywords:   hard bop, jazz history, fifties music, jazz trumpeteers, black music

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