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Hard BopJazz and Black Music, 1955–1965$
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David H. Rosenthal

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780195085563

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195085563.001.0001

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The Scene

The Scene

(p.62) 4 The Scene
Hard Bop

David H. Rosenthal

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes the economical viability, i.e., prominence of jazz, among black neighborhoods. Critics assume that bebop put an end to jazz being popular in the 1940s, when actually, jazz remained prominent in black neighborhoods, until it was eclipsed by pop in the late 1960s. Looking at jazz labels' singles during this period will lend a view of blacks' tastes during the time. The time between 1945 and 1955 also drew a remarkable pool of creative talents, and bars and clubs reinforced the popularity of jazz. It was a scene of artists and experimentalists who had a rapport among themselves. However, the community wasn't just leaning towards music, it was also leaning towards bohemianism, which (while encompassing many attributes) predisposed people to turn to drugs. This, as well as the work of artists at that time being undervalued outside of the community, led many to turn to heroin.

Keywords:   jazzmen, music history, clubs, black music, music and drugs

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