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Women, Culture, and CommunityReligion and Reform in Galveston, 1880–1920$
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Elizabeth Hayes Turner

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780195086881

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195086881.001.0001

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Conclusion: Toward Progressive Women's Communities

Conclusion: Toward Progressive Women's Communities

(p.295) Conclusion: Toward Progressive Women's Communities
Women, Culture, and Community

Elizabeth Hayes Turner

Oxford University Press

This chapter shows how the progressive women's communities emerged during the Progressive Era. Galveston supplied an environment conducive to middle and upper-class women's advancement from congregational life into community activism. It helped extend women's issues to public forums. Three progressive communities emerged: African American Women's Hospital Aid Society, the Women's Progressive Club, and the Negro Women Voters' League. They all had nurtured ameliorative and reforming sentiments. These associations were separated by race but their goals advanced women to positions of leadership. Thus, the first two decades became women's decades as they organized to protect the health, seek equal rights and opportunities for women and combat discrimination. It worked for a healthier, safer urban environment for the women.

Keywords:   progressive women's communities, Progressive Era, Galveston, community activism, public forums, African American Women's Hospital Aid Society, Women's Progressive Club, Negro Women Voter's League

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