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Women, Culture, and CommunityReligion and Reform in Galveston, 1880–1920$
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Elizabeth Hayes Turner

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780195086881

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195086881.001.0001

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Church Programs: Sunday School, Bible Classes, and Women's Societies

Church Programs: Sunday School, Bible Classes, and Women's Societies

(p.63) 3 Church Programs: Sunday School, Bible Classes, and Women's Societies
Women, Culture, and Community

Elizabeth Hayes Turner

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on how women handled their increased roles through Sunday School, bible classes and other women's societies. Every aspect of the women's life within the church replicated women's semireligious or secular volunteer associations outside the church. Women found voice in city choruses, artistic expression in art leagues, gravetending in patriotic and civic societies, teaching in literary clubs, children's work in benevolent institutions, and youth work in the WCTU and the YCWA. They transferred their talents beyond home and church. Thus, they changed the community and they were also changed by it. The steps women took toward city reformation began in church societies. The church societies encouraged women to form public associations. These afforded them the best opportunity to experience enormous problems of urban life.

Keywords:   women's societies, volunteer associations, city choruses, literary clubs, WCTU, YCWA, city reformation, church societies, Sunday School, bible classes

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