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Women, Culture, and CommunityReligion and Reform in Galveston, 1880–1920$
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Elizabeth Hayes Turner

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780195086881

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195086881.001.0001

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Benevolent Institutions and Their Lady Managers

Benevolent Institutions and Their Lady Managers

(p.121) 5 Benevolent Institutions and Their Lady Managers
Women, Culture, and Community

Elizabeth Hayes Turner

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the women's benevolent institutions. They were in place in 1880 dispensing aid on a regular basis. By ministering the poor, benevolent ladies understood the degree of dependency that was created through increased industrialization and growth. Catholic women's religious orders were the first to build benevolent institutions in Galveston. Ursuline nuns accompanied Bishop John Mary Odin to Galveston and formed the Ursuline Academy and convent. They acted as nurses. They converted their convent to a military hospital during the Civil War. Galveston's middle- and upper-class women sought to capitalize on the wave of pride and donation to build institutions of their own — for children and old women. Lasker Home for Homeless Children and the Johanna Runge Free Kindergarten pulled women toward a greater sense of civic and community responsibility. These institutions were temporary shelters for children whose family was unable to offer an education.

Keywords:   benevolent institutions, civic responsibility, Catholic women, Galveston, Ursuline nuns, Ursuline Academy, Lasker Home for Homeless Children, Johanna Runge Free Kindergarten

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