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Women, Culture, and CommunityReligion and Reform in Galveston, 1880–1920$
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Elizabeth Hayes Turner

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780195086881

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195086881.001.0001

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Women's Clubs

Women's Clubs

(p.151) 6 Women's Clubs
Women, Culture, and Community

Elizabeth Hayes Turner

Oxford University Press

This chapter shows how the women in Texas set about taking stock of their own learning. The time had come for them to see their own education. A desire for better education by southerners was part of a national phenomenon. Southern universities were to slow to accept women. Only seven southern universities, including the University of Texas, had admitted women. Higher education was elitist for everyone in this era. Thus, the women's club movement began as an educational and cultural self-improvement plan for black and white middle-class and elite women whose lives had formerly been privatized in the home. The Galveston Tribune captured some of these challenges women faced in club meetings. For women who persevered, they reaped rewards. The women's club movement became the largest and most widely accepted national women's movement in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries though they were not democratic in nature.

Keywords:   southerners, Southern universities, University of Texas, higher education, women's club movement, Galveston Tribune, self-improvement

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