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The Age of Federalism$
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Stanley Elkins and Eric McKitrick

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780195093810

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195093810.001.0001

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The Mentality of Federalism in 1800

The Mentality of Federalism in 1800

(p.691) Chapter XV The Mentality of Federalism in 1800
The Age of Federalism

Stanley Elkins

Eric McKitrick

Oxford University Press

Thomas Jefferson believed that the “revolution of 1800” had been in the nature of things bound to occur, and that the revolution would in all likelihood be a permanent one. The influence and patronage of the Hamiltonian Treasury, the immense prestige of George Washington, and the Federalists' willful exploitation of the crisis with France were all that had allowed them to hold on as long as they had. Sooner or later, as Jefferson saw it, the intrinsically republican temper of the American people was bound to repudiate the exclusivist, fiscalist, consolidationist, and perversely anglophile tendencies of Federalism. That decision, he thought, was final, and not likely to be reversed. Jefferson himself, moreover, was determined from the first to see that this should be so, and to banish Federalism forever. To all intents and purposes he succeeded, and historical opinion well into our own time has remained largely satisfied with the Jeffersonian judgment.

Keywords:   Thomas Jefferson, revolution, Hamiltonian Treasury, George Washington, Federalism, France

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