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The Age of Federalism$
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Stanley Elkins and Eric McKitrick

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780195093810

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195093810.001.0001

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Finance and Ideology

Finance and Ideology

(p.77) Chapter II Finance and Ideology
The Age of Federalism

Stanley Elkins

Eric McKitrick

Oxford University Press

The character and quality of national life in the 1790s are not to be understood aside from the warfare of Hamiltonian Federalists and Jeffersonian Republicans. Worth noting, however, is that the groundwork for Thomas Jefferson's side of it was laid not by Jefferson himself, but by his friend and fellow Virginian, James Madison. It is to James Madison's estrangement from his friend, Alexander Hamilton, that one must go as a first step in plumbing the political passions of the 1790s. To contemporaries, the Hamilton-Madison rupture and its consequences would not have seemed predictable in any obvious way, though historians in retrospect have offered rationalizations which make it appear as part of a certain unerring drift. This chapter focuses on James Madison, the political economy of Anglophobia, Alexander Hamilton, and the mercantile utopia.

Keywords:   Federalists, Republicans, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, Anglophobia, mercantile utopia

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