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The Executive's CompassBusiness and the Good Society$
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James O'Toole

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780195096446

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195096446.001.0001

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Four Poles of the Good Society

Four Poles of the Good Society

(p.31) Chapter 3 Four Poles of the Good Society (p.32)
The Executive's Compass

James ƠToole

Oxford University Press

This chapter provides a more detailed explanation of the four “great themes of political argument”, being Liberty, Equality, Efficiency, and Community. Liberty describes actions in these three spheres — religion, politics, and economics. This chapter also discusses the different views that philosophers have towards liberty and these three spheres and the emergence of Libertarianism. Equality is tackled in congruence with inequality, the latter being a fairly ancient concept ranging from social inequality — caste, class, gender and race — to property and economic equality and the emergence of Democratic Egalitarianism and Contemporary Egalitarianism. The chapter also discusses efficiency, more particularly, economic efficiency and Plato's anti-egalitarian and anti-democratic Republic. It discusses the science of economic efficiency and Contemporary Corporatism. Community is described from the viewpoint of Communitarians. The history and meaning of Community is also included, and the author compares Communitarians and Libertarians, and Egalitarians and Corporatists.

Keywords:   liberty, equality, efficiency, community, libertarianism, egalitarianism, Communitarians, Corporatism

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