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The Unbounded MindBreaking the Chains of Traditional Business Thinking$
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Ian I. Mitroff and Harold A. Linstone

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780195102888

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195102888.001.0001

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Unbounded Systems Thinking: The Fifth Way of Knowing

Unbounded Systems Thinking: The Fifth Way of Knowing

(p.84) (p.85) CHAPTER 6 Unbounded Systems Thinking: The Fifth Way of Knowing
The Unbounded Mind



Oxford University Press

This chapter introduces Unbounded Systems Thinking (UST) and contends that it is the basis for the “new thinking” called for in the Information Age. The discussions in this chapter begin by briefly reviewing the four ways of knowing presented in the previous chapters. Agreement, Analysis, Multiple Realities, and Conflict as Idea System's all have strict limits. In contrast, UST asserts that “everything interacts with everything.” Every one of the sciences and professions is considered fundamental and none is superior to or better than any other. In UST, the supposed distinct and separate existence of the various ISs that was implied in the preceding chapters is a fiction. Given its complexity, a better understanding of this IS is demonstrated by the authors through a brief and general overview of the systems approach before they provide a concrete problem-solving method known as the Multiple Perspective Concept or Method to illustrate its application.

Keywords:   Unbounded Systems Thinking, new thinking, Information Age, Agreement, Analysis, Multiple Realities, Conflict, Multiple Perspective Concept, problem-solving

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