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Implicit Learning and Tacit Knowledge – An Essay on the Cognitive Unconscious - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Implicit Learning and Tacit Knowledge: An Essay on the Cognitive Unconscious

Arthur S. Reber


The book is an extended essay on implicit learning, a topic that emerged in recent years as an important but previously overlooked process. Implicit learning is learning that takes place independent of both the process and products of learning. It occurs without the intention to learn and largely without awareness of the nature of what has been learned. The process is “bottom-up”; information is acquired automatically when individuals focus attention on complex displays; and the knowledge base is “tacit” and largely opaque to introspection. Examples abound in everyday life, notably natural lan ... More

Keywords: implicit memory, consciousness, unconscious cognition, automatic processing, bottom-up mechanisms, Darwinism, evolutionary biology, functionalism

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 1996 Print ISBN-13: 9780195106589
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2008 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195106589.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Arthur S. Reber, author
City University of New York