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Implicit Learning and Tacit KnowledgeAn Essay on the Cognitive Unconscious$
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Arthur S. Reber

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780195106589

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195106589.001.0001

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Implicit cognition: the data base

Implicit cognition: the data base

(p.23) 2. Implicit cognition: the data base
Implicit Learning and Tacit Knowledge

Arthur S. Reber

Oxford University Press

This chapter introduces the notion of the primacy of the implicit, where the argument is made that from an evolutionary point of view, unconscious cognitive systems must have preceded explicit, consciously controlled systems. A thorough review of the literature relating these two forms of acquisition is presented and various methodological issues are introduced. It is concluded that functionalism, as a research method, is the most effective stance to take in examining issues relating to conscious and unconscious processes.

Keywords:   primacy of the implicit, evolutionary biology, functionalism, conscious processes, unconscious processes

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