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The Power of Black MusicInterpreting its History from Africa to the United States$
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Samuel A. Floyd

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780195109757

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195109757.001.0001

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The Sixties and After

The Sixties and After

Chapter:
(p.183) Chapter 8 The Sixties and After
Source:
The Power of Black Music
Author(s):

Samuel A. Floyd

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195109757.003.0009

The 1960s was a period of success and failure, of courage and fear, of discipline and disorder. It embraced the 1963 March on Washington and in 1964 saw passed the Civil Rights Act, which outlawed discrimination in public accommodations and employment. It was a time that saw the assassinations of Malcolm X and Martin Luther King, Jr.—ironically coinciding with the signing, on April 11, of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, which was meant to end discrimination. It was a historic decade in the fight for equal rights for all Americans. The use of ring tropes by African American composers are present in some form or fashion in the works of most African American composers, albeit sometimes disguised by method and technique, or even unintentionally employed.

Keywords:   Civil Rights, African American music, discrimination

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