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Clinical Social Work PracticeA Cognitive-Integrative Perspective$
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Sharon B. Berlin

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195110371

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110371.001.0001

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Explicit and Implicit Memories

Explicit and Implicit Memories

(p.70) 3 Explicit and Implicit Memories
Clinical Social Work Practice

Sharon B. Berlin

Oxford University Press

This chapter continues the theoretical discussion by focusing on the role of explicit and implicit (or conscious and nonconscious) memory in creating meaning. It reviews explanations of how the mind creates consciousness, addressing levels of consciousness, the relationship between consciousness and a sense of self, and the role of attention in extending consciousness. It gives particular attention to the kinds of information that are most likely to gain attention and access to consciousness and to the role of personal goals (or motives) in directing inner-focused attention. The chapter goes on to explore cognitive notions of nonconscious knowledge, including perspectives on automaticity and control, mindfulness and mindlessness, and motivated forgetting. Links between theoretical explanations and practice are carefully drawn and illustrated with numerous case examples.

Keywords:   implicit memory, explicit memory, consciousness, levels of consciousness, attention, nonconscious processes, automaticity and control, mindfulness and mindlessness, goals, motivations

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