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Cross-Cultural Encounters and Conflicts$
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Charles Issawi

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780195118131

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195118131.001.0001

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The Greeks in the Middle East

The Greeks in the Middle East

(p.101) Six The Greeks in the Middle East
Cross-Cultural Encounters and Conflicts

Charles Issawi

Oxford University Press

The Ottoman empire was ruled by Turks and other Ottomanized Muslims and the Greeks called it a Tourkokratia. Rulers often delegated many economic, social, and cultural activities to their millets. The chapter discusses an important aspect of the millet system that has characterized the Middle East region since the rise of Islam and perhaps even earlier. The millets, notably composed of the Greeks, Armenians, and Jews, enjoyed great economic power and they played a part in the social and cultural fields. The role of the Greeks in the empire shows a clear trend of a slow rise followed by a somewhat swifter decline. Their swift decline at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century is examined in this chapter.

Keywords:   Ottoman Empire, Greeks, millets, Middle East, Armenians

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