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The Divine Office in the Latin Middle AgesMethodology and Source Studies, Regional Developments, Hagiography$
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Rebecca A. Baltzer and Margot E. Fassler

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780195124538

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195124538.001.0001

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The Historia of St. Julian of Le Mans by Létald of Micy

The Historia of St. Julian of Le Mans by Létald of Micy

Some Comments and Questions about a North French Office of the Early Eleventh Century

(p.444) 19 The Historia of St. Julian of Le Mans by Létald of Micy
The Divine Office in the Latin Middle Ages

David Hiley

Oxford University Press

A century ago, Walter Howard Frere, in his seminal work on chant, identified typical melodies and phrases across the Office repertoire. The question remains, however, how one is to deal with the other musical material; that is, the chants that do not employ those stock turns of phrase. This chapter examines the 11th-century Office of St. Julian of Le Mans by Letaldus of Micy, identifying musical elements that are either traditional or new. One result is a new threefold distinction to replace Frere's two broad categories of “typical” and “original”. This chapter proposes 1) passages or complete chants that made more of less literal use of traditional turns of phrase; 2) passages that behave following certain orthodox modes of range, tonal structures, and ways of expansion; and 3) unorthodox or eccentric passages in chants that are outside the norms. What is defined as orthodox, of course, will change with the times.

Keywords:   Julian of Le Mans, tributes, Offices, Walter Howard Frere, melody, Gregorian chant, modes, traditional in chant, chant innovations, melodic originality

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