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Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis$
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John E. Till and Helen Grogan

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195127270

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.001.0001

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Surface Water Transport of Radionuclides

Surface Water Transport of Radionuclides

(p.147) 4 Surface Water Transport of Radionuclides
Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

Yasuo Onishi

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses methods to determine dissolved and sediment-sorbed radionuclides in rivers, estuaries, coastal waters, oceans, and lakes under accidental and routine radionuclide releases. It provides simple but robust analytical solution models to determine site-specific radionuclide concentrations with minimum site-specific data. It has step-by-step instructions with all required information supplied by accompanying tables and figures. The chapter contains many sample calculations. It also discusses a theory of radionuclide transport and fate mechanisms in surface water. The Chernobyl nuclear accident is used to illustrate important mechanisms, radionuclide migration and accumulation, transport and fate modeling, aquatic impacts, and human health effects through aquatic pathways. Thus, this chapter connects the theory to its applications and to the actual Chernobyl nuclear accident assessment.

Keywords:   models, analytical solution, Chernobyl nuclear accident

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