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Freedom SoundsCivil Rights Call Out to Jazz and Africa$
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Ingrid Monson

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195128253

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128253.001.0001

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Jim Crow, Economics, and the Politics of Musicianship

Jim Crow, Economics, and the Politics of Musicianship

(p.29) 2 Jim Crow, Economics, and the Politics of Musicianship
Freedom Sounds


Oxford University Press

This chapter begins with a discussion of the segregation of the music business until the mid-1960s. It then looks at the development of a pro-integration discourse in the jazz world that mobilized the ideas of democracy, equality, and protest on its behalf; policies of the American Federation of Musicians (AFM); and desegregating the AFM. It presents the case of Nat King Cole, which illustrates the way that new standards of professional behavior for African American entertainers were articulated against the backdrop of the Brown decision and the Montgomery bus boycott.

Keywords:   Jim Crow, jazz musicians, jazz music, segregation, pro-integration discourse, Nat King Cole, civil rights movement

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