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Freedom SoundsCivil Rights Call Out to Jazz and Africa$
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Ingrid Monson

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195128253

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128253.001.0001

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Activism and Fund-Raising from Freedom Now to the Freedom Rides

Activism and Fund-Raising from Freedom Now to the Freedom Rides

(p.152) 5 Activism and Fund-Raising from Freedom Now to the Freedom Rides
Freedom Sounds


Oxford University Press

This chapter shows that fund-raising events in 1960 and 1961 responded to an intensification of the civil rights movement in the wake of the Student Sit-Ins, and reveal a strong interest among jazz musicians in the civil rights struggle. For the most part, these performances benefited mainstream civil rights organizations, although the black nationalist issues raised by Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam (such as economic and political self-determination) simmered in the background. During the next few years, as the violent suppression of the civil rights movement continued, these background issues came to the foreground.

Keywords:   fund-raising events, civil rights movement, jazz musicians

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