Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Issues in Palliative Care Research$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Russell K. Portenoy and Eduardo Bruera

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780195130652

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130652.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 October 2020

Multidimensional Assessment of Dyspnea

Multidimensional Assessment of Dyspnea

(p.83) 6 Multidimensional Assessment of Dyspnea
Issues in Palliative Care Research

Russell K. Portenoy

Eduardo Bruera

Oxford University Press

Dyspnea, an awareness of breathing discomfort, is a very common symptom that accompanies many illnesses and pathological conditions. In people with mild to moderate cardiovascular disease, breathlessness limits physical activity, and people with advanced cardiovascular disease are dyspneic even at rest. Dyspnea is a very complex, subjective experience that is multidimensional in nature and involves many factors that modulate both the quality and intensity of its perception. At the present, there is no single instrument that assesses all components of the sensation of shortness of breath. It is important when assessing dyspnea to choose the appropriate method depending on the setting and the questions to be asked. For the palliative patient, it is also important that the burden be not too onerous and appropriate to the prognosis and stage of disease.

Keywords:   breathing discomfort, breathlessness, palliative care, cardiovascular disease, dyspnea

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .