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A Working Life for People with Severe Mental Illness$
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Deborah R. Becker and Robert E. Drake

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780195131215

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195131215.001.0001

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Theoretical Underpinnings of Individual Placement and Support (IPS)

Theoretical Underpinnings of Individual Placement and Support (IPS)

(p.18) 3 Theoretical Underpinnings of Individual Placement and Support (IPS)
A Working Life for People with Severe Mental Illness

Deborah R. Becker

Robert E. Drake

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes some of the theoretical notions that led to the foundation of the Individual Placement and Support (IPS) approach to supported employment. Psychiatric rehabilitation theory indicates that individual functioning is enhanced by supportive environments and skill development. The theory of recovery is that people can move beyond illness and have meaningful life activities such as work. Disability is not an inherent part of illness but a secondary problem resulting from ways society marginalizes people (e.g., stigma, segregation). Furthermore, community mental health treatments and policies have resulted in experiences that lead to disempowerment and deflating learning experiences. For example, people steered to work in sheltered workshops come to believe that they can only work in that setting. Theories that have not been tested may lead to false information. For example, the notion that parallel services are more effective than integrated services was tested and found to be false. While there are many theories in psychology and rehabilitation, IPS supported employment is based not only on theory but also on empirical outcome studies.

Keywords:   psychiatric rehabilitation, recovery, disability, theory, empiricism, IPS, false information

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