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Anxiety, Depression, and Emotion$
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Richard J. Davidson

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780195133585

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133585.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 25 January 2022

Adaptive and Maladaptive Fear-Related Behaviors

Adaptive and Maladaptive Fear-Related Behaviors

Implications for Psychopathology from Kalin’s Primate Model

Chapter:
(p.69) 4 Adaptive and Maladaptive Fear-Related Behaviors
Source:
Anxiety, Depression, and Emotion
Author(s):

Kristin A. Buss

Christine L. Larson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133585.003.0004

This chapter expounds on Ned Kalin's primate model introduced in the previous chapter by exploring its implications for psychopathology. Specifically, the focus is on maladaptive fear responses occurring outside the normal contexts that elicit fear. The first section reviews Kalin's findings on fear-related defensive behaviors in infant primates such as freezing, cooing, and barking. The studies reveal that these behaviors develop around the same time and have particular environmental cues. Succeeding sections outline the ontogeny of these adaptive defensive behaviors and discuss the physiological characteristics of the fear-related behavioral system. Other sections explore individual differences in behavior which may be considered maladaptive and can be divided into two types: differences in intensity and the inappropriate use of behaviors. An alternative to the traditional syndrome-based conceptualization of fear-related psychopathology—one that highlights symptomatology—is also discussed. The final section examines psychopathological symptoms and its mechanisms for dysregulation and neural substrates.

Keywords:   Ned Kalin, primate model, psychopathology, maladaptive fear response, fear-related defensive behavior, infant primate, symptomatology, syndrome-based

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