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Anxiety, Depression, and Emotion$
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Richard J. Davidson

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780195133585

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133585.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 16 January 2022

Affective Style, Mood, and Anxiety Disorders

Affective Style, Mood, and Anxiety Disorders

An Affective Neuroscience Approach

(p.88) 5 Affective Style, Mood, and Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety, Depression, and Emotion

Richard J. Davidson

Oxford University Press

This chapter opens with a definition of affective style and its role in an individual's temperament, personality, and vulnerability to psychopathology. The constituents of affective style which involve concepts of emotion regulation, individual response thresholds, peak amplitude, response peaking time, recovery time, and affective chronometry are then discussed. An overview of two basic motivational systems—approach and withdrawal—is also provided, followed by a presentation of findings from studies examining individual differences in prefrontal activation statistics in relation to emotion, affective style, and biological constructs. These differences identified in the studies are then applied to psychopathology to reveal which individual affective styles are more prone to vulnerabilities and which exhibit resilience. This in turn has implications for an individual's response to stressful life events. The final section discusses applications of the above research in the assessment, treatment, and plasticity of affective and anxiety disorders.

Keywords:   affective style, psychopathology, affective chronometry, neuroscience approach, withdrawal, prefrontal activation, anxiety disorders

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