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Anxiety, Depression, and Emotion$
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Richard J. Davidson

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780195133585

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133585.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 02 December 2021

Cognitive Functioning in Depression

Cognitive Functioning in Depression

Nature and Origins

(p.133) 7 Cognitive Functioning in Depression
Anxiety, Depression, and Emotion

Ian H. Gotlib

Eva Gilboa

Beth Kaplan Sommerfeld

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores the psychiatric disorder of depression and the opening section provides relevant statistics and a brief history of related research on depression. This chapter focuses on depressive disorder, as opposed to a related mood disorder—bipolar disorder. This chapter examines in detail the parameters, role, and origins of cognitive dysfunction in depression. The related theories on the role of cognition in depression developed by Beck, Bower, and Teasdale are presented. This is followed by a review of existing empirical studies of cognitive function in depression which begins with the crude, early investigations based on self-report questionnaires to more recent studies which employ information-processing methodologies developed by experimental cognitive psychologists. Insights related to the linkage between depression and deficits in attention, memory, and judgment are then presented. The role of these cognitive biases in recovery from depressive episodes are explored and linked with the issues of childhood depression.

Keywords:   depression, depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, mood disorder, cognitive dysfunction, Beck, Bower, Teasdale, childhood depression, cognitive bias

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