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NeuroepidemiologyFrom principles to practice$
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Lorene M. Nelson, Caroline M. Tanner, Stephen Van Den Eeden, and Valarie M. McGuire

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195133790

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133790.001.0001

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Brain and Spinal Cord Injury

Brain and Spinal Cord Injury

(p.254) 10 Brain and Spinal Cord Injury

Lorene M. Nelson

Caroline M. Tanner

Stephen K. Van Den Eeden

Valerie M. McGuire

Oxford University Press

Up to 50% of all trauma deaths in the United States involve significant injury to the brain or spinal cord. This chapter highlights the public health significance of traumatic brain and spinal cord injury and examines methodological issues in studies of the epidemiology of these injuries. It addresses methodological challenges in epidemiologic and clinical studies of brain and spinal cord injury, including difficulties in case ascertainment, differing approaches to brain injury classification, and measurement issues in brain injury severity and outcome scales. The chapter summarizes scientific literature addressing demographic and lifestyle risk factors for brain injury including age, sex, and alcohol consumption. External causes of traumatic brain and spinal cord injury are also discussed, including transportation-related injuries and increasingly recognized sports-related brain injuries.

Keywords:   brain injury, spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, incidence, prevalence, mortality, prognosis, causal factors, risk factors

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