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NeuroepidemiologyFrom principles to practice$
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Lorene M. Nelson, Caroline M. Tanner, Stephen Van Den Eeden, and Valarie M. McGuire

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195133790

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133790.001.0001

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Migraine and Tension-Type Headache

Migraine and Tension-Type Headache

(p.319) 13 Migraine and Tension-Type Headache

Lorene M. Nelson

Caroline M. Tanner

Stephen K. Van Den Eeden

Valerie M. McGuire

Oxford University Press

This chapter provides information on the epidemiology of headache, with major sections devoted to migraine and tension-type headache. The clinical features of each headache type are discussed, and details of International Headache Society (IHS) criteria are described. This is followed by a summary of studies related to the incidence and prevalence, and a description of how headache frequency varies by age, sex, race, and geographic region. The chapter provides a summary of risk factors for headache, in addition to describing triggering factors among headache sufferers. The final section is devoted to a discussion of the impact of headaches, including frequency, severity, and health-related quality of life.

Keywords:   headache, migraine headache, tension-type headache, clinical features, case definition, incidence, prevalence, risk factors, triggering factors, quality of life

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