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The Green Tiger – The Costs of Ecological Decline in the Philippines - Oxford Scholarship Online
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The Green Tiger: The Costs of Ecological Decline in the Philippines

Barbara Goldoftas


The Philippines was once famous for its reef-ringed islands, white beaches, and lush forests. In less than a half-century, these were degraded by deforestation, over-fishing, and destructive fishing. This rapid harvest of ecologically and economically critical natural resources brought droughts, deadly flash floods, and the collapse of fisheries and the timber industry. Regional rural economies weakened, sending hundreds of thousands of ecological refugees to cities where they overwhelmed the urban infrastructure. Today, the Philippines stands as an example of the profound and sweeping consequ ... More

Keywords: deforestation, over-fishing, ecological refugees, environmental degradation, natural resource conservation, urban infrastructure, environmental change, western environmentalism, environmental governance, sustainable development

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2006 Print ISBN-13: 9780195135114
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195135114.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Barbara Goldoftas, author
Wellesley College