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The Green TigerThe Costs of Ecological Decline in the Philippines$
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Barbara Goldoftas

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195135114

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195135114.001.0001

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Watchdogs of the Sea: Bantay Dagat

Watchdogs of the Sea: Bantay Dagat

(p.85) 5 Watchdogs of the Sea: Bantay Dagat
The Green Tiger

Barbara Goldoftas

Oxford University Press

The Philippines depends on its coastal coral reef fisheries as a critical source of livelihood and seafood for both export and domestic consumption. By the mid-1990s, these fisheries had been over-exploited by both large-scale commercial and small-scale subsistence fishermen. Nearly all the coastal fisheries had been over-fished, and three-fourths of the coral reefs were being eroded. This chapter profiles Apo Island, one of the oldest marine protected areas in the country; the scientific research on marine conservation and coastal resource management that led to its creation; and the challenges that the community has faced in maintaining its no-take zone. The chapter also describes the USAID-funded Coastal Resource Management Project and its work building local government capacity to manage coastal resources at a larger scale, using Malalag Bay, Mindanao, as an example.

Keywords:   coral reef fisheries, marine conservation, Apo island, marine protected areas, coastal resource management, USAID, Malalag Bay, Mindanao, no-take zone

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