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A Biologic Approach to Environmental Assessment and Epidemiology$
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Thomas J. Smith and David Kriebel

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195141566

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141566.001.0001

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Epidemiologic Evaluation of Environmental Hazards

Epidemiologic Evaluation of Environmental Hazards

(p.179) 7 Epidemiologic Evaluation of Environmental Hazards
A Biologic Approach to Environmental Assessment and Epidemiology

Thomas J. Smith

David Kriebel

Oxford University Press

Epidemiology is the study of determinants of disease in populations, and environmental epidemiology generally concerns the identification of health risks from synthetic chemicals or other exposures resulting from the technologies of modern society. This chapter reviews the key principles of environmental epidemiology, emphasizing some of the methodologic challenges that arise when quantitative exposure or dose data are used in epidemiologic models. Topics discussed include disease in populations, measures of exposure—disease association, diseases that are a result of a web of interacting causes, treatment of time in epidemiologic models, disease process models, and epidemiologic study designs.

Keywords:   environmental epidemiology, epidemiologic studies, exposure—disease association, epidemiologic models, disease process

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