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Altruism and Altruistic LoveScience, Philosophy, and Religion in Dialogue$
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Stephen G. Post, Lynn G. Underwood, Jeffrey P. Schloss, and William B. Hurlbut

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195143584

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143584.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 06 December 2021

Addressing the Altruism Question Experimentally

Addressing the Altruism Question Experimentally

(p.89) 6 Addressing the Altruism Question Experimentally
Altruism and Altruistic Love

C. Daniel Batson

Oxford University Press

Everything we do, no matter how noble and seemingly self-sacrificial, is really directed toward the ultimate goal of self-benefit. Comte considered altruism and egoism to be two distinct motives within the individual. The strong form of psychological hedonism is inconsistent with the possibility of altruism, but to affirm this form is simply to assert universal egoism. Collectivism is motivation to benefit a particular group as a whole. Different forms of prosocial motivation are usually assumed to be mutually supportive and cooperative. Altruism, collectivism, and principlism are often confused or equated. There is a logical limit to the experimental tests of the empathy-altruism hypothesis.

Keywords:   Comte, egoism, collectivism, prosocial motivation, principlism

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