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Matter of MindA Neurologist's View of Brain-Behavior Relationships$
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Kenneth M. Heilman

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195144901

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195144901.001.0001

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Matter of Mind

Kenneth M. Heilman

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the four types of memory and the brain mechanisms that are important in storing them. These are working memory, declarative memory, procedural memory, and semantic memory. Working memory is a temporary store. To keep information there, the person must actively rehearse the information that is being stored and prevent distraction. Declarative memory stores “what, where, and when” information. Declarative memories may be verbal (e.g., recalling names) or nonverbal (e.g., recalling faces) and old (remote) or new (recent). Verbal declarative and semantic memories are stored in the left hemisphere and visual spatial memories are stored in the right hemisphere. Procedural memories are “how” memories.

Keywords:   working memory, declarative memory, procedural memory, semantic memory, types of memory, brain mechanisms, episodic memory, Korsakoff's syndrome, Papez circuit

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