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Islam and Democracy after the Arab Spring$
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John L. Esposito, Tamara Sonn, and John O. Voll

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780195147988

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195147988.001.0001

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From Democratization to the Restoration of Authoritarianism

(p.202) 8 Egypt
Islam and Democracy after the Arab Spring

John L. Esposito

Tamara Sonn

John O. Voll

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines Egypt’s continued struggle for democracy. It discusses the regime of Hosni Mubarak (1981–2011), which was overthrown in the Arab Spring uprising. It describes how Egypt’s fragile democratic transition was shattered when many original Tahrir Square protestors and so-called liberals abandoned democracy and embraced a military-led coup to depose Egypt’s first democratically elected president. Those who championed the ouster now faced the reality that by toppling the Morsi government, they did not usher in a more democratic system but rather a restoration of a military-guided authoritarian government whose repression, violence, and brutality exceeded that of any government in modern Egyptian history.

Keywords:   Egyptian politics, Egypt, democratization, democracy, Arab autocracy, authoritarianism, Arab Spring, uprising, Muhammad Morsi

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