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Health StatisticsShaping policy and practice to improve the population's health$
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Daniel J. Friedman, Edward L. Hunter, and R. Gibson Parrish

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195149289

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149289.001.0001

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Health Statistics from Notifications, Registration Systems, and Registries

Health Statistics from Notifications, Registration Systems, and Registries

(p.81) Chapter 4 Health Statistics from Notifications, Registration Systems, and Registries
Health Statistics

Denise Koo

Phyllis A. Wingo

Charles J. Rothwell

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes two types of data collection that are critical for monitoring the population's health and generating health statistics: notifications and registrations. Notifications are reports of one or more health-related events that typically require close monitoring by health or other agencies to ensure that they are controlled and do not spread to, or adversely affect, others. Registrations are similar to notifications in that a specific event is the subject of a registration system, but the registration of events is not usually for the immediate control of a specific health problem or hazardous condition. Rather, it is for documenting and tracking events or persons for administrative, legal (e.g., registration of births and marriages), scientific (e.g., to facilitate the identification of a cohort exposed to a hazardous substance for future study), or statistical purposes. The first part of the chapter provides a brief overview of notifications and a detailed description of one notification system—the U.S. National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System—to illustrate the history, practice, and uses of one important example of these systems. The second part of the chapter provides a brief overview of registration systems and then presents detailed descriptions of two registration systems—the U.S. national vital statistics system and the U.S. system of cancer registries—to illustrate the history, practice, and use of registration systems.

Keywords:   health statistics, population health statistics, notification system, registrations, data collection, National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System, cancer registries, national vital statistics system

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