Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

David Schottenfeld and Joseph F. Fraumeni

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195149616

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 16 April 2021

Cutaneous and Ocular Melanoma

Cutaneous and Ocular Melanoma

(p.1196) 63 Cutaneous and Ocular Melanoma
Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention



Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews the epidemiology of cutaneous and ocular melanomas. Cutaneous melanoma is the most lethal form of skin cancer. There were an estimated 160,000 new cases diagnosed worldwide in 2002, more than 80% in developed countries, and 41,000 deaths, 66% in developing countries. Sun exposure is its major cause, although a variety of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics contribute substantially to the risk of this complex disease. Ocular melanoma is globally much less significant than cutaneous melanoma and shows little current evidence of uptrend in incidence, in contrast to the continuing uptrend in melanoma. Melanocytes that give risk to ocular melanomas lie principally in pigmentary epithelia that extend continuously from the choroid, a vascular membrane that separates the neural elements of the retina from the fibrous outer covering of the eye (the sclera), anteriorly to the ciliary body and iris.

Keywords:   cutaneous melanoma, ocular melanoma, skin cancer, cancer risk, cancer epidemiology, cancer prevention

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .